Following France in 1998, it is the turn of Japan and South Korea to host the World Cup football. After Europe, Latin America and Africa, the Asian continent is conquered by the round ball. How to explain the global success of a sport invented almost a hundred and fifty years ago by a handful of British students?
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The FIFA World Cup is tackling a new continent, Asia. More than 32 teams are preparing to compete for the world title in Japan and South Korea yet two secular enemies ahead of several billion viewers. Now that you can have the 해외축구중계 live broadcast, the chances are that you will want to know more about it.
The lure of major communication groups, from the 1998 World Cup organized in France in 2002 to the 2002 edition, has increased exclusivity rights from 107 million euros to 1 billion euros, football has become, in space of one hundred and fifty years, a hegemonic sport and a major economic challenge.
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Even if the United States remains the business of women and the Hispanic minority, or if in the antipodes and in some former British colonies, such as India and New Zealand, cricket and rugby continue to resist, we can say that the twentieth century was that of the ball.
- The reasons for this success are undoubtedly to be found in the simplicity of the rules of football, but also in the political, social and economic transformations that served as a framework for its development. The rise of this sport has indeed been part of a specific context: the search for emotions specific to industrial societies, the construction of new national identities, the expression of power at the international level by others means that war and the economy, or in addition to these.
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Sport today universal, football is however, initially, a typical British practice and, still more, Victorian. It was codified and formalized in 1863, with the creation of the FA Football Association, by a handful of representatives of public private secondary school colleges and English universities.
Football is first and foremost a modern reinterpretation of traditional games, integrated into the “process of civilization” described by the sociologist Norbert Elias. Aristocratic pastime, it is indeed the product of a gradual pacification of ball games, started in the first half of the nineteenth century by teachers such as Thomas Arnold, the famous Rugby College, where was invented the sport of the same name. By practicing football, the sons of the British elite turn away from the excesses of drink and violence they are used to, while internalizing the values of fair play, free competition and individual initiative.
However, football does not remain for a long time the privilege of the upper classes. As early as the 1880s, he began to spread among the working classes in London, northern England and Scotland. We are in the midst of an industrial revolution. The British rail network makes it possible to make the teams travel quickly and to unify the different associations around rules accepted throughout the territory. The round ball becomes, with the pub, one of the main hobbies of popular circles. Cheap sports, it can even be an escape from the factory, with the development of professionalism in the 1880s.